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Egypt’s Military Under Al-Sisi: Unravelling Factional Politics

Under the presidency of Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, Egypt’s military presents old and new dynamics. Civil-military relations remain imbalanced: but paradoxically, the overwhelming role of the military, also as economic player, combines with the subtle narrowing of the military as cohesive entity.

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Conflicts, Pandemics and Peacebuilding: New Perspectives on Security Sector Reform in the MENA Region

The Covid-19 pandemic is not only a health challenge. In the MENA region, against the backdrop of protracted conflicts, instability, and an overall deterioration in socio-economic conditions, the coronavirus crisis adds another layer of vulnerability and has already had long-lasting repercussions on human security across the region.

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Legislative Guidance Tool for States to Regulate Private Military and Security Companies

The Legislative Guidance Tool offers a blueprint for legislators to create policies and laws which are in line with internationally recognised good practices. It is aimed at parliamentarians and law and policymakers who undertake to develop new or update existing laws for national legislation of the private military and security …

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Montreux Document

The Montreux Document reaffirms the existing obligations of States under international law, in particular, international humanitarian law (IHL) and human rights law, relating to the activities of private military and security companies (PMSCs) in situations of armed conflict. The Document also lists good practices to assist States in implementing these obligations. Although …

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Regulating the Use of Force by Private Security Providers – A Guidance Tool for States

This Guidance Tool is intended to support States in regulating the use of force by private security providers. The standards, requirements, and good practices contained in this Tool should be incorporated in national legislation, regulations, by-laws, as well as criteria for licensing, authorisation and registration. Additionally, States can use this …

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President’s eldest son, Mahmoud al-Sisi, sidelined from powerful intelligence position to diplomatic mission in Russia

Mahmoud al-Sisi, President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s son and a senior official in the powerful General Intelligence Service (GIS), is being reassigned to a long-term position at Egypt’s diplomatic delegation in Moscow, according to multiple sources, including two GIS officials who spoke to Mada Masr separately.

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