يعيد مشروع الديمقراطية في الشرق الأوسط (بوميد) نشر النسخة الإنجليزية من تقرير “دور النيابة العامة المصرية في قمع أصوات المعارضة” الصادر في أكتوبر/تشرين الأول 2016، بعد تحديثها بإضافةبعض المستجدات على الساحة المصرية مع إطلاق ترجمته إلى العربية
:كتب التقرير المحامي والباحث الحقوقي المصري محمد الأنصاري، ويتضمن
سرد لأبرز نقاط التحول في أداء النيابة العامة منذ عهد • عبد الناصر وتطورها بعد ثورة 2011؛
شرح لسلطات النيابة وأدواتها القانونية؛ •
إبراز المحطات الرئيسية لاستهداف الجماعات • السياسية المعارضة، المدافعين عن حقوق الإنسان، الصحفيين، الطلاب، القضاة، وغيرهم بواسطة النيابة العامة لقمعهم ومحاكمتهم جميعاً؛
دور النيابة العامة المتواصل في القمع—كجزء من هدم • الاستقلال القضائي تحت حكم الرئيس عبدالفتاح السيسي— وتأثيره على شرعية ومصداقية القضاء المصري؛
إبراز التشريعات القمعية المستخدمة من النيابة • .العامة للتنكيل بالجماعات المستهدفة
محمد الأنصاري هو محامٍ وباحث قانوني يعمل لدى مركز القاهرة لدراسات حقوق الإنسان. عمل الأستاذ الأنصاري، وهو حائز شهادة دبلوم في القانون الدولي، جامعة القاهرة، في مجال المحاماة لمدة تجاوز 10 سنوات ويملك اليوم خبرة راسخة في مجالات قانونية بارزة عدة، لاسيما القانون الجنائي وقانون العمل والقانون الإداري. أجرى الأستاذ الأنصاري بحوثًا مكثَّفة حول كيفية استخدام المحاكم العسكرية في مصر، وتتضمن تحليلات حول القوانين الجديدة وتوفر معلومات حول دعاوى قضائية بالاستناد إلى تقارير مراقبة المحاكمات ذات الصلة. ولطالما أكّد على التزامه بإحداث تغييرات إيجابية في مصر من خلال صون حقوق الأفراد أجمعين في البلد. وللأستاذ الأنصاري مقالات عدة تتناول قضايا قانونية تم نشرها على موقع المفكرة القانونية في لبنان وفي صحف مصرية عديدة. ومؤخرًا، تعاون مع فريق باحثين لإعداد تقرير بعنوان «قضاء مصر: أداة من أدوات القمع – غياب ضمانات فاعلة على الاستقلالية والنزاهة»، وقد نشرته لجنة الحقوقيين الدولية في تشرين الأول/أكتوبر 2016
We are aware of the importance of Personal Data (defined below) privacy, especially as we use such data to provide relevant services and information to our visitors. The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the Swiss Federal Act on Data Protection (FADP) mandate high standards on how your Personal Data is collected, processed and stored, give you the right to access the Personal Data and request its erasure, and much more. In accordance with the legislation and recognizing the importance of this matter, we have prepared the below explanations on the protection of your Personal Data when visiting this website: https://marsad-egypt.info (the “Website”) and the rights you have as data subjects.
Please read these explanations carefully.
By browsing our Website, you agree to be bound by the terms of this policy. If you do not consent to these terms, we kindly ask you not to use our Website.
2. What is Personal Data?
Personal Data means any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person, i.e. an individual, regardless of the form in which it is expressed (hereafter, “Personal Data”). Personal data is information that identifies you as an individual, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to identifiers such as a name, surname, location data, an online identifier, e-mail address, etc.
3. What Personal Data do we collect?
A. Personal Data you may provide us with
You may provide us with Personal Data, for instance by:
- filling out a contact form or
- subscribing to a newsletter.
We further collect the following Personal Data through cookies, analytics and other similar tools, such as:
(1) IP address of the requesting internet-enabled device,
(2) location of the requesting internet-enabled device based on the IP address,
(3) date and time of access,
(4) accessed resources on the Website,
(5) name and URL of the retrieved file,
(6) Website/application from which the access was made (referrer URL),
(7) browser you use,
(8) if necessary, the operating system of your internet-capable computer as well as the name of your access provider.
The cookies and scripts we use are the following:
This cookie is set by Addthis, a social sharing widget which is commonly embedded into our Website to enable visitors to share content with a range of networking and sharing platforms. This is a geolocation cookie to understand where the Website users are located.
1 year and 1 month
This cookie is set by Addthis, to store the user’s usage history
This cookie is set by Addthis, allowing users to share content across multiple social media websites
AddThis social sharing widget (Content sharing).
Third-party, Content sharing
AddThis social sharing widget
Third-party, Content sharing
This cookie is set by Addthis, to store a unique user ID
1 year and 1 month
The AddThis cookie is associated with the ‘share buttons’ where a user can email or share a link of a post to their friends.
The cookie is set by AddThis to store a unique user ID.
The cookie is set by AddThis to determine how often this social sharing service encounters the same user.
1 year and 1 month
Tracks user behavior on the websites that allow a user to share pages on social media using the AddThis tool. AddThis log the anonymous use to generate usage trends to improve the relevance of their services and advertising.
Third-party, Content sharing
Cookie set by doubleclick.net, in order to track the number of views of each page of the Website
Provided by Google Double Click, this cookie is used to identify a signed-in user
This cookie is set by Mailchimp in order to subscribe to the Website’s newsletter
End of Session to 1 year
AddThis cookie. Used to collect statistical data.
This cookie stores an updated page share count
1 year and 1 month
This cookie is set to make sure the user sees the updated count if they share a page and return to it before the share count cache is updated
This cookie is installed by Google Analytics to calculate visitor, session, campaign data and keep track of Website usage for the Website's analytics report. The cookies assign a randomly generated number to identify unique visitors
(Google Analytics) Contains campaign-related information. If you have linked your Google Analytics and Google Ads accounts, Google Ads website conversion tags will read this cookie unless you are opt-out.
This cookie is installed by Google Analytics. The cookie is used to store information of how visitors use the Website and helps in creating an analytics report of how the Website is doing
4. Why we collect such Personal Data?
(1) to authorize access to our Website,
(2) to make the functionalities of our Website available to you and to offer you additional functionalities,
(3) to improve the Website or our dedicated pages on social media,
(4) to store information about your preferences, allowing us to customize our Website according to your individual interests,
(5) to speed up your searches,
(6) to compile behavioral and statistical information about uses of our Website or our dedicated pages on social media, in particular to estimate our audience size and usage patterns,
(7) to produce aggregate insights that do not identify you,
(8) to identify you and log your use, recognize you when you return to our Website, track the activity on our Website and hold certain information.
The purpose for implementing all of the above is to maintain and monitor the performance of our Website and to constantly look to improve the site and the services it offers to our users. The legal basis we rely on to process your Personal Data is article 13(1) FADP and article 6(1)(f) of the GDPR, which allows us to process Personal Data when its necessary for the purposes of our legitimate interests.
In addition, cookies and other functionalities mentioned above which would go beyond the purposes of our legitimate interests (for example: Analytics Cookies), are implemented upon your acceptance through the means of our cookie banner.
5. Who is the Personal Data Controller ?
The controller of Personal Data on this Website is DCAF – Geneva Center for Security Sector Governance, Chemin Eugène-Rigot 2E, 1202, Geneva, Switzerland.
For any questions in relation to the way in which your Personal Data is stored and used, contact us at: firstname.lastname@example.org
6. Where do we store Personal Data and for how long ?
Your Personal Data is stored on servers located in Germany. If you are a subscriber of our mailing lists operated through Mailchimp, your Personal Data, which includes your name and email address, is stored on servers located in the United States.
We retain the Personal Data you provide to the extent necessary to provide you access to and use of our Website and its functionalities (like for instance our newsletters), as well as to the extent necessary to comply with our legal obligations (for example, if we are required to retain your data to comply with applicable laws), resolve disputes, and enforce our legal agreements and policies. The storage period of cookies depends on their purpose and is the same for everyone. We may retain de-personalized (anonymous) information after the deletion of your Personal Data.
7. Sharing, Selling and Transferring Personal Data
With third parties: The Personal Data collected are primarily intended for communicating with you and improving our services. However, we may give certain independent contractors and affiliates access to the Personal Data in order to assist us with the operation of our Website, as well as data management and marketing activities.
Cross-border data transfer: For some of the third-party service providers, we may transfer your data to one of their databases outside Switzerland or the European Economic Area, potentially including countries which may not have an adequate level of protection for your Personal Data. In such event, we enter into agreements with such third-parties ensuring an adequate level of protection for your Personal Data. By providing us with your Personal Data or by accepting analytic cookies, you agree that we may transfer, store and process your Personal Data outside of Switzerland and the European Economic Area – in particular in the USA – and acknowledge that governments in certain countries such as the USA have broad powers to access data for security, crime prevention and detection and law enforcement purposes.
Sharing with authorities: It is possible that we will need to disclose Personal Data when required by law or if we have a good faith belief that disclosure is necessary to investigate, prevent, or take action regarding suspected or actual illegal activities or to assist government enforcement agencies, investigate and defend ourselves against any third-party claims or allegations, protect the security or integrity of our Website or our dedicated pages on social media, or exercise or protect the rights and safety of our users, personnel, or others.
We attempt to notify users about legal demands for their Personal Data when appropriate in our judgment and technically feasible, unless prohibited by law or court order or when the request is an emergency. We may dispute such demands when we believe, in our discretion, that the requests are overbroad, vague or lack proper authority, but we do not promise to challenge every demand.
8. Withdrawal of consent for processing of Personal Data
At any time, you have the right to withdraw your consent for the processing of Personal Data for a particular purpose or for all purposes with which you have consented.
For the withdrawal of your consent, please send a written request to DCAF – Geneva Center for Security Sector Governance, Chemin Eugène-Rigot 2E, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland, or by e-mail to: email@example.com.
In case of withdrawal of your consent, we will delete all collected Personal Data or exclude them from automatic processing in accordance with the specificities of your request.
Please be aware that the withdrawal of your consent will not impact the lawfulness of processing based on your consent before it was withdrawn and the use of Personal Data as needed to comply with our legal obligations.
9. Your rights in the field of Personal Data
Right to update, correct and erasure: At any time, you have the right to obtain from us the correction of inaccurate or incomplete Personal Data. At any time, you also have the right to obtain from us access to the Personal Data that we have collected and the right to obtain immediate erasure of your Personal Data.
Right to restriction of processing: You have the right to request that we restrict the processing of your Personal Data.
Right to data portability: You have the right to be provided with a copy of the Personal Data we have on you in a structured, machine-readable and commonly used format.
Right to object: You have the right to object to our processing of your Personal Data.
Right of access: At any time, you have the right to obtain from us confirmation as to whether your Personal Data are being processed and, where that is the case, access to the Personal Data.
Personal data breach: In the case of a Personal Data breach, we will without undue delay and, where feasible, not later than 72 hours after having become aware of it, notify the Personal Data breach to the competent supervisory authority.
Right to complain to an authority: You have the right to complain to a data protection authority about our collection and use of your Personal Data. For more information, please contact your local data protection authority in the European Economic Area (EEA) or in Switzerland.
10. Security of your Personal Data
The security of your Personal Data is important to us, but no method of transmission over the Internet, or method of electronic storage is 100% secure. While we strive to use technical and organizational commercially acceptable means to protect your Personal Data against manipulation, partial or complete loss and unauthorized access by third party, we cannot guarantee its absolute security.